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April 5, 2018
  • Management of municipal smart waste (MSW) in a scientific manner is one of the biggest issues faced by urban India. For decades, the provision of services for managing and handling smart waste has been neglected. The challenge of delivering MSW services is growing rapidly with the continuous expansion of city limits and migration from rural/semi-rural areas. With this, there has been a significant change in the quantity and quality of waste.

  • Current waste management practices, despite some promising initiatives, are far from satisfactory. Barring a few large urban areas such as Ahmedabad, Surat, Pune, Hyderabad and Mumbai, smart waste management infrastructure in most cities is characterised by the absence of door-to-door collection, inadequate transportation infrastructure, dumping of waste at unapproved sites, unscientific disposal of waste, and inadequate treatment capacity.

  • The situation is slowly changing with increased interest from the government and the private sector in efficient and smart waste management. Over the past few years, there has been a significant increase in the use of information technology (IT) for various aspects of waste management including collection, transportation, treatment, disposal, asset mapping, network management and customer service. This has primarily been driven by the need for efficiencies in operations, loss reduction and improvement in customer satisfaction.

  • Some of the popular IT systems/solutions being deployed by urban local bodies (ULBs) include RFID-based smart bins, GPS-based tracking systems and management information systems for control and monitoring. ULBs in Amritsar, Surat, Pune, Chennai, Navi Mumbai and Chennai have been particularly active in deploying smart waste technologies.

  • Further, utilities are deploying advanced systems such as smart landfill solutions, mobile applications and internet of things (IoT)-based waste management systems. Scientific disposal of waste is slowly catching attention. Waste-to-energy initiatives are gaining traction. Also, there is a renewed focus on the recovery and recycle of waste. Schemes like the Swachh Bharat Mission, the Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation have also laid special emphasis on improving waste management practices

  • That said, the investment requirement is huge and the sector presents sizeable opportunities. The private sector is expected to play a larger role in the creation of smart waste management infrastructure. Inherent challenges such as the absence of data, inefficiencies in user charges and poor financial health of ULBs will also need proactive attention.

  • The mission of this conference is to examine the state of the MSW sector in India, highlight new smart waste management initiatives and projects, and discuss new opportunities and key challenges. The conference will also showcase noteworthy projects and promising technologies.


April 6, 2018
  • India has tremendous potential to produce energy from the residue of municipal solid waste (MSW), the processing and cement industries, and agriculture. According to industry estimates, India produces over 151,816 tonnes per day (tpd) of smart waste, which has the potential to generate over 1,100 MW of power.

  • However, most cities in the country lack proper segregation, transportation and storage facilities to tap this potential. Only 23 per cent of the total waste generated is processed. Moreover, in most cities, collection services are not extended to unauthorised and remote settlements, which are either inaccessible or lack the capacity to pay for these services.

  • Currently, India has more than 33 waste-to-energy (WtE) plants with a cumulative installed capacity of over 275 MW. Apart from a few successful examples, most of these projects are struggling to cope with regulatory impediments and local unrest.

  • Nevertheless, a number of significant developments have taken place over the past two to three years. The government has launched different programmes for the support and promotion of WtE in India. Under the Swachh Bharat Mission, one of the key components is the development of WtE facilities with central support of up to 20 per cent of the project cost. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is also implementing a programme on Energy Recovery from MSW. A financial assistance of Rs 20 million per MW, subject to a maximum of Rs 100 million per project, is provided for WtE projects.

  • The pace of technology adoption in the WtE segment has also improved over the years. Urban local bodies (ULBs) are deploying advanced control and automation solutions for WtE facilities. In the waste treatment segment as well, new technologies such as pyrolysis and gasification are being adopted. Further, ULBs are taking steps to ensure proper collection and transportation of biodegradable, recyclable and other high-calorific value waste directly to the processing facility.

  • Going forward, a continuous increase in the country’s population, coupled with increasing public health and environmental concerns, will create substantial demand for WtE facilities. Another factor that would boost investments in the WtE segment is strong government support. In the next two to three years, at least 31 WtE plants with a potential to generate over 240 MW of energy from waste are expected to become operational.

  • As the WtE market matures, more advanced technologies and processes are likely to be developed to provide efficient and low-cost solutions. This is expected to attract more private sector participation that will result in increased opportunities for technology providers for business collaborations and linkages.

  • The mission of this conference is to examine the state of the WtE segment in India, analyse key trends and developments, highlight new government programmes, and discuss new opportunities and key challenges. The conference will also showcase noteworthy projects and promising technologies.
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